Momordica Cochinchinensis (Lour.) Spreng., commonly known as Gac, is a Southeast Asian fruit found throughout the region from Southern China to Northeastern Australia. It is also known as Baby Jackfruit, Spiny Bitter Gourd, Sweet Gourd, or Cochinchin Gourd. It has been traditionally used as both food and medicine in the regions in which it grows.
The fruit itself becomes a dark orange color upon ripening, and is typically round or oblong, maturing to a size of about 13cm in length and 10cm in diameter. Its exterior skin is covered in small spines while its dark red interior consists of clusters of fleshy pulp and seeds.
This "Superfruit" is mostly grown in gardens of peoples' homes and contains 70 times more Lycopene than Tomoatos; 10 times more Beta-Carotene than Carrots; 60 times more Vitamin C than Oranges; and 40 times more Zeaxanthin than Yellow Corn (relative to mass).
Additionally, the Carotenoids present in Gac are bound to long-chain fatty acids, resulting in what is claimed to be a more Bioavailable form. There has also been recent research that suggests that Gac contains a protein that may inhibit the proliferation of cancer cells.